Terpenes are everywhere. They are in your soup, your meals, your flowers and other plants, your cleaning products and even in your fruits. They are the reason you can tell the difference between a gazpacho and a goulash; and the differences between a raspberry and a coconut, because they give smell and flavor. The best thing about them is that they are in cannabis flowers as well.

But now you are probably wondering, what exactly are they? Here’s what you need to know:

WHAT ARE TERPENES?

Terpenes, or terpenoids as they are sometimes called, are organic compounds and fragrant substances which are found in the oils of all the plants out there, with 100 terpenes out of 20,000 being produced by cannabis plants. This production grew in plants over time, including cannabis. This is to allure bugs and to perform as defense compounds.

Terpenes are crucial compounds, produced by female cannabis plants, along with flavonoids and cannabinoids (like CBD and THC) which are housed by glandular trichomes – glands that appear like tiny growths or hairs that come out from the leaves and flowers.

WHY ARE TERPENES IMPORTANT?

Terpenes are extremely important if we want to be left with remarkable cannabis with distinct and strong smells, colors and flavors. This happens when trichomes are kept intact throughout the processes of cultivation and collection, and for this, it is necessary to handle plants extremely delicately at this time.

They are also crucial for humans because terpenes can be our organic advisers when it comes to figuring out which sort of cannabis strains will be most probably enjoyed by our endocannabinoid systems and what they would gain an advantage from.

FACTORS THAT AFFECT TERPENE PRODUCTION?

There are a number of abiotic factors which largely affect the production of terpenes, such as:

  • Humidity

  • Temperature

  • Light intensity

  • Aromatic scents produced by flowers, especially during the night, etc.

It is important to merge and blend these factors in a reply to stress.

Hence, this is the reason that licensed medical cannabis producers try to put such a large quantity of emphasis on making sure that their medical strains are all grown under standardized conditions.

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN TERPENES AND TERPENOIDS:

The main difference between terpenes and terpenoids is that;

Terpenes can be deemed the organic “on the developing stem” rendition of terpenoids. They are converted by healing and drying the flower of the cannabis plant. These two things can at the end of the day, alter the method of the molecules transforming and tasting.

Whereas terpenoids are utilized regularly, even outside of plants, especially the plant of cannabis. Their main use is their fragrant properties, because they are necessary for us to develop many essential oils, perfumes, and various spices.

KINDS OF TERPENOIDS:

Following are a few examples of terpenes that are found in cannabis:

  • Pinene: anti-inflammatory properties.

  • Terpinolene: antibacterial, antioxidant, and sedative properties.

  • Limonene: antibacterial and antifungal properties.

  • Linalool: anti-inflammatory, anti-depressant, and stress-relieving properties.

  • Caryophyllene: anti-anxiety, anti-depressant and anti-inflammatory effects.

  • Myrcene: a muscle relaxer, sedative and anti-inflammatory properties

  • Humulene: ability to be anti-inflammatory and suppress appetite.